Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Shakespeare's Presentation of Love in a Midsummer Nights Dream A midsummer nights dream was originally supposed to have been performed at a wedding. Therefore the theme of love would have been a suitable theme for the play. In this play, as in many of Shakespeare's plays the main theme is love. Shakespeare presents many different aspects of love in the play. He shows how love can affect your vision of reality and make you behave in irrational ways. He presents many ways in which your behavior is affected by the different types and aspects of love. The main types of love he presents are; true love, fake love, unrequited love, young and irrational love and platonic love. Shakespeare tries to show what kinds of trouble, problems and confusion, love can get you into. The different interpretations of love are aimed at showing what being in love could lead to. When you think that you are in love and not really, how easily emotions can be confused and changed. For example, Demetrius's love for Hermia is fake and easily changed in one night to Helena. Hermia and Helena share a platonic love between them; but Lysander, turning to loving Helena by a drop in his eyes, disrupts it. Helena and Hermia fight and feel betrayed by each other because of Lysander talking about loving Helena. Helena thinks that Hermia, Lysander and Demetrius are playing a practical joke on her. Lysander and Hermia share young, but true love. The both act irrationally. When Hermia's parents refuse to allow her to not marry Demetrius she and Lysander decide to run away together and then get married. Just just a drop in Lysander's eye disrupts their love easily. They are ... ...lay was written for a wedding but was not performed for that purpose. This could be because of the ideas he shows that could have gone wrong and how it could be false even if you think its true. Shakespeare also makes a point of how quickly situations where you think you are in love, or where here you are good friends, can changes around and prove otherwise. It would for the reasons that he shows how complicated and how false love can be, be an inappropriate theme for the play to be performed at a weeding. He could of upset the couple with his imagery and references to what trouble love can lead to. Shakespeare shows how he feels about love. The play demonstrates his perception of love by using imagery and language. He presents love as being irrational, blinding and obsessive. He shows that it can be very misleading.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Potter Stewart an associate justice of the United States supreme court once said that Ã¢â¬Å"Ethics is knowing the difference between what you have a right to do and what is right to doÃ¢â¬ . He believed in doing things pragmatically instead of impractically and it made him more recognized for his realistic approach to his job. Ethics in life are very important in setting standards of morality and integrity, especially since ethics show the principles and values that one uses to govern their actions. Ethics in psychology are very similar to the ethics we follow on a day to day basis. The ethics in psychology often relate to how people are treated when put in experiments in order to complete theories and concepts that are psychology based. When psychology research began many experiments began as well, to test the many beginning theories that came about when psychology was introduced to researchers. The American Psychological Association now has a code of ethics for psychology resear ch due to the fact that many psychologists in the past have violated the safety, belief systems, needs, values, and the overall protection of their participants. The code of ethics that has been put in place by the APA holds all psychologists to the same set of standards and provides a guideline in an attempt to ensure professionalism and respect for all involved and sometimes this doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t occur. The APA published the first ethics code in 1953 that equals about a 16 page document today, but in 1953 it seemed so much larger back then. The reason that the ethics code was written is because ethics in research of psychologists began to be questioned by society for their safety and effectiveness. The research studies that were performed in the past often became public scandals and compromised the principle of research. Following the code of ethics is very important in research. The five reasons to adhere to the code of ethics is to promote the intent of research, promote a basic normality that helps when researchers collaborate, to ensure the liability of the experimenter, to gain more support from the general population, and to promote morality and obligation (Resnik). The overall incentive for the code of ethics according to Resnik is to constantly advocate for effective research while also being consensual. These ethics placed must be followed just to maintain the respects of t he rights of research participants, the reputation of psychology, and the dignity of research principles. Another purpose of ethics in research is for the safety of the people involved in the experiment, and the notoriety of psychologists in society. Committees of research must have a code of ethics that discuss the guidelines made by the APA and the personal ethics for the experiment. Some of the most important codes are informed consent, debrief, protection of participants, deception, confidentiality, and ability to withdraw. (Mcleod). According to the research done by Mcleod, the APA is using the code of ethics to protect their name and the reputation they have built, a so to maintain a stability of trust with their experimenters and participants. There were many unethical procedures after 1953 even though those guidelines had been set. Some of the experiments were very traumatic to patients and almost risked their lives, or could have died or killed each other. One of the many most known unethical experiments that occurred was the Stanford Prison Experiment. This experiment was conducted by Philip Zimbardo in 1971, and the purpose of the experiment was to attempt to understand the development of power norms in society and specifically the effects of roles, labels, and social expectations in a prison environment. Twenty four students were chosen out of 75, half were assigned roles of prisoner and half were assigned the role of guard. In the experiment Zimbardo made it very realistic for the prisoners, having cops come and arrest them, having rules that they had to follow, but gave the guards no prior training. The end result of the experiment being guards who became consumed in power and behaved in a brutalizing way, and prisoners who became submissive and cowering (Mcleod). While Zimbardo didnÃ¢â¬â¢t actually go against any ethical codes while outlining his experiment and he got the experiment approved before conducting it, some believed that his place as the conductor of the experiment was to stop the simulation from getting too abusive which it did, but he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop it because he was trying to maintain the realism of the experiment, and in the end he felt as though he did what was best for the sake of research. Regardless of this, Zimbardo did go against the ethics code in multiple ways like the fact that the experiment was unpredictable, the guards were drunk, and no steps were taken to avoid harm of his volunteers. He faile d to understand that participants are people and should their dignity should be maintained because Ã¢â¬Å"respect in research refers to respect for people and respect for truthÃ¢â¬ (Yousef). ZimbardoÃ¢â¬â¢s experiment was evaluated by the APA, where they said that all ethical guidelines were followed. The overall unethicality of the experiment left the participants with long-term scarring mentally and physically, and this is just another reason why ethics are important in research. Ethics are maintained to provide structure in experiments to promote effective decision making, while also being aware of the benefits and risks of the experiment. In experiments conducted previous to the release of the code of ethics, often times there was a lack of informed consent, pressure on volunteers, risk of safety of participants, deception, and even violation of natural born rights. The whole overall purpose of ethics is to Ã¢â¬Å"help researchers grapple with the ethical dilemmas they are likely to encounter by introducing them to important concepts, tools, principles, and methods that can be useful in resolving these dilemmasÃ¢â¬ (Resnik). There are five general principles of ethics, which are informed consent, debrief, protection of participants, deception, and ability to withdraw. When it comes to informed consent participants must distinctively say Ã¢â¬Å"yesÃ¢â¬ and give permission to the researcher to be involved in the experiment. The researcher must outline the details of the experiment like the purpose, the possible risks, procedures involved if there are any and many other things. Debriefing is very important in research because itÃ¢â¬â¢s where the participants gets to sit down with the research and understand the research, clear up misconceptions and to make sure the participants leaves with the same sense of cognition they arrived with. Along with this goes deception, and participants should not be mislead about the resear ch and though some deception may occur, researchers must attempt to keep it at a minimum. The main thing researchers should be aware of is the protection of their subjects, and participants should not be subject to more harm than they would experience in everyday life. The very last thing is the ability for a participant to leave the experiment whenever they feel like they are in danger or in a extremely uncomfortable situation. These codes of ethics have really made research more controlled and prevent negligence and misconduct. The basics to remember about ethics is that research done by psychologists should meet the criteria for ethics before the experiment is conducted. Subjects should be informed about the dangers and basics of the experiment and provide authorization. Psychologists do many experiments just because they are unethical and it all starts with what they believe and consider to be right and wrong, and sometimes the extreme involvement in personal research make the research seem less dangerous than it is. Scientist deals with many controversial topics and often stray away from norms and rules to build their theories and strengthen their ideas and beliefs. Our natural instinct often goes against what we think and the code of ethics is put in place to mandates the things that researchers are able to do while conducting an experiment.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Culminating Task 8 literary / rhetorical devices: Questions= How is Failure a negative aspect in our lives when we learn from it and isnÃ¢â¬â¢t learning suppose to be something positive? Parallel sentence structure= As we go through life we see up and downs through being right and joyous to wrong and secluded; as failure leads us vulnerable and exposed, success leaves us with a self worth. Amplification= I was exhausted from my volleyball the long brutal practice , exhausted from the lack of sleep, exhausted from the damp of winter in my bones, exhausted from school I and in pain from my finger. Sentence Fragment = January. Snow. Ice. Frigid temperatures. Grey skies. These are the reasons I loathe winter. The ideas of failure fall backÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As the world and society put a certain image that goes along with failure people have become fearful and staggered to take risks and develop new and different ideas that arenÃ¢â¬â¢t always the typically in the box demean way of life. As we encounter our own journeys in life there is no wrong path that we take, everyone has their own way of going through things from the failures that set us back in life open new and different doors that could have better opportunities. Failure is not the end it is only the beginning to a new way of life, sometimes we drown in seas of relief from the knowledge that we failed our selves Failure teaches us as individuals to become more passionate and understanding towards others then encounter simpler fiats. Paragraph1 Cause and Effect : Moreover there are many causes and effects having the negative effectives that failure have been giving in comparison to success. There can be many causes to failure and how we can interoperate , Failing ultimately allows people to have a glimpse inside you like PandoraÃ¢â¬â¢s box. The greatest of internal mysterious can become clear and for the world to see which is why failure has been disdained as a negative aspect to our lives people donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to feel vulnerable and one insecurities. The situations that we are put under the causes that lead us to have certain effects on how we see and interoperateShow MoreRelatedMary Rowlandson And Transcendentalism1661 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesreligious-inspired colony, she focused her writing on purity and godliness. Being a Puritan, she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe that the Indian attack just happened, but that God had determined it. She believed that the attack was GodÃ¢â¬â¢s punishment for the PuritanÃ¢â¬â¢s failure to uphold their co venant with him. Although Rowlandson faced many horrifying experiences, she relied on faith during her captivity. She relied on bible quotes to strengthen her and get through the whole experience, especially the bad days. Even whenRead More A Comparison of Love in Annabel Lee and La Belle Dame sans Merci2408 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesunpredictable and fickle nature. Keats portrays Fanny Brawne, his fiancee, as the fairy; his poem is thought to be KeatsÃ¢â¬â¢s foreboding of what might follow (if Keats and Brawne were to get married)-the pale fever, the dream of death, the lonely awakening on a cold hillside (Keats 275). The gifts that the fairy and the knight exchange assist in portraying the two by revealing their desires: the knight gives garland, bracelets, and fragrant zones, representing pleasure, both natural and sexual;Read MorePopulation Problem in Bangladesh14871 Words Ã |Ã 60 Pagesrarest fragrance. pangs, sufferings, misfortunes and adversities sublimate our soul and rip en our judgement.20 Some of the essayists are so poetic that to try to look too hard for logic may be to fundamentally misunderstand them, just as certain plot devices require a suspension of disbelief. Many essays are bombastic throughout, but especially so in the prescriptive rhetoric of conclusions. Everyone should keep himself aloof from inhuman, unsocial, irreligious works. Unlawful activities should be discouragedRead MoreA Jerney in to the Deaf World15812 Words Ã |Ã 64 Pagesafter more clauses in sentences. A signer will postpone normal eye blinks until the end of a clause. -Wh-questions (Who, What, WhereÃ¢â¬ ¦etc.) are accompanied by lowering the eyebrows and a from. Yes/No questions are shown by a raising the eyebrows. Rhetorical questions (ones you answer yourself) are accompanied by a brow raise and a tilting of the head. Negation is marked by shaking the head and furrowing the brow. -Eye-gaze is used something like a pronoun to refer to a previously mentioned personRead MoreMetz Film Language a Semiotics of the Cinema PDF100902 Words Ã |Ã 316 Pagesreality, its very direct hold on perception, has the power to draw crowds. We know that AndrÃ © Bazin attached great importance to this popularity of the art of motion pictures.2 Although it is by no means rare for an excellent film to be a commercial failure, by and large the cinemaÃ¢â¬â even in its advanced or experimental formsÃ¢â¬âcommands a large audience. Can as much be said for the other arts of our time? Can one really speak of an audience, in the full sense of the word, when referring to the narrow
Friday, December 27, 2019
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 703 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2019/04/10 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Social Media Essay Did you like this example? Although many people want social media in our lives, it is actually hurting us mentally and physically. A lot of people like social media sites and stuff that people post on them to keep up with everybody and what the world is doing. Social media also causes people to be lazy and not want to work in the real world. Cyberbullying can do a lot of harm to a person if they are cyberbullied during their life. People that do this kind of bullying do it on the internet, post mean stuff, and write bad things about a person. Sexting is also another form of cyberbullying even if it doesnt sound like it to you. (Webster) Also some teens make fake profiles and text another individual to get back at them through the internet and to embarrass them on social media. Cyberbullying is also a type of violence towards young people while they are growing up in their teenage years. If someone is bullied enough on social media it may lead to suicide, and it may also lead them to depression and some anxiety. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Social Media Ruining Your Physical and Mental Health" essay for you Create order The signs of cyberbullying starts when someone is being bullied on the internet from random people and are targeted to be made fun of. If someone is experiencing being bullied on the internet then chances are they are not going to tell anybody and it is embarrassed talking about it. They are also probably scared of going to school because someone at his/her school is bullying them. They will also try to hide behind stuff so they wont be seen. they are scared someone is going to say something mean about them or embarrass them in front of everybody. Also if someone is being cyberbullied they probably have trouble sleeping at night thinking about what is going to happen next. (Evans) There is also another problem on social media these days, and that would be the fake news that is being spread across the social media world. And the term fake news has taken on its own life, referring not only to untrue reports but being increasingly used to dismiss reports that the user does not wish to agree with. (NBC News) The Everyday we get on the internet we are looking at fake news and we dont even realize it. Some of the people who put this type of news on social media and the internet just want attention and to be looked at. Another thing is that when people see the news and stuff on websites, they automatically think its true, and start telling it to everybody. Then after that they find out it wasnt true they have just started a big rumor about something that is fake. The next problem on social media is that there are too many people on it during the day and every night. When people are on the internet basically all day, they tend to get very lazy and dont want to do anything. Most people are on it when they are not doing anything at work, but they need to try and find something that needs to be done other than sitting on their phone all day. And also when people are on social media all day they get bored and find stuff to do on there like make fake profiles and bother people. Some of them like to post stuff on craigslist and stuff knowing that they dont have anything to sell. They are trying to see how much attention they can get from posting stuff on there. In other words, people need to get and stay off social media more and start seeing the world around them and admiring it in their lifetime because one day theyll be away from this earth. They also need to stay off of it more so they can work at their jobs and get things done that mean something, instead of being lazy all the time. All in all people would be better off to do away with social media, because it takes over some peoples lives and they dont even know it. And they are also worried about whos going to post what and what is going to happen next.
Thursday, December 19, 2019
After the Industrial Revolution in the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s slavery was reignited in the south. During this time inventions such as the cotton gin restarted slavery and the trading of slaves within the colonies. In the union even though they were known as Ã¢â¬Å"free statesÃ¢â¬ some still did not allow free slaves because of competition for jobs. Although free, black men did not have the same rights as white men such as the right to vote, and did not have the same quality of education as white people. Even though the south did not care for the race they cared for the individual because they used the slaves and they were the base of the slave owners income. Slave owners invested in slaves, the slave owner protected had a sense to protect his slave because it is an investment. The book Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northup is the story of how Northup himself was kidnapped and sold into slavery. In the book Northup begins his story when he meets two white men who convince him to join the circus. The men then travel to Washington, D.C. where the two men drug Northup and sold him into slavery. Northup speaks of how bad slavery was and tells of the men and women that he came across while enslaved. Northup does a good job of trying to keep his story straight so the readers are able to think of their own opinions about slavery by sharing this interesting story about his life. Twelve Years a Slave had an impact that contributed to the onset of the civil war by giving an unbiased insight of slavery in theShow MoreRelatedTwelve Years A Slave By Solomon Northup1070 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTwelve Years A Slave (1853) By Solomon Northup Publisher: Miller, Orton Mulligan, 1855 # of pages: 336 Kamila Piloto Mr. Deliard Period 4 Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northup is a story about a slave whom was once free but was abducted and was sold into slavery. This story is an explanation of the suffering of slaves in the antebellum period and a demonstration of the inhumane treatment. Ã¢â¬Å"Before I came here I was free, a free man.Ã¢â¬ The setting of the story was in New YorkRead MoreTwelve Years A Slave By Solomon Northup1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTwelve Years a Slave is a book which is written by Solomon Northup. He was born in New York. The book retail the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s life story as a free black man from the North. He lived, got married to Anne Hampton, a woman of mixed (black, white, and Native American) and worked in New York, where is his family stayed. Besides, he was a great laborer and a violin player. In 1841, at the age of 33 a two con men offered him a profitable work with a high-paying job as a musician playing violin in the sierkRead MoreTwelve Years A Slave By Solomon Northup1636 Word s Ã |Ã 7 PagesMarina Ajayby Mrs. Fred Jordan History 2010 30 November 2015 Twelve Years a Slave Twelve Years a Slave is a book which is written by Solomon Northup. He was born in New York. The book retail the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s life story as a free black man from the North. He lived, got married to Anne Hampton, a woman of mixed (black, white, and Native American) and worked in New York, where is his family stayed. Besides, he was a great laborer and a violin player. In 1841, at the age of 33 a two con men offered himRead MoreTwelve Years A Slave By Solomon Northup1284 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Twelve Years a Slave Eric Marek HIST1301 Professor Belt 28 December 2015 In the opening of Twelve Years a Slave, it shows slaves cutting sugar cane with their Ã¢â¬Å"mastersÃ¢â¬ continuously barking out orders for the them to follow. In the next scene, while the slaves are eating their meals in a beat up shack, Solomon Northup distinguishes the dark coloration of the blackberries and attempts to make a quill and ink. Despite solid labor, because of the thinness of the juice, his effortsRead MoreTwelve Years A Slave By Solomon Northup2534 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesnovel Twelve Years a Slave was written by Solomon Northup. This novel was turned into a film in 2013, directed by Steven McQueen. The film portrays the memoirs of an African-American male, named Solomon Northup, who was drugged, kidnapped, and sold into slavery for 12 years in the deep south of Louisiana. Northup was born and raised a fee man from New York State where he worked as violinist and lived with his wife and two children in Saratoga Springs, New York. Two men had approached Northup of feringRead MoreTwelve Years A Slave By Solomon Northup1629 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTwelve Years A Slave by Solomon Northup is a non-fiction story of NorthupÃ¢â¬â¢s time as a slave. Northup was born in Minerva New York in 1808. At the time New York, along with other northern states were considered Free states. In Free states, slaves were able to become free, meaning they did not have to go into slavery and were able to live like the rest of Americans. In 1841 Northup was tricked into following two white men, Merrill brown and Abram Hamilton, who end up kidnapping Northup and sellingRead MoreSolomon Northup s Twelve Years A Slave1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSolomon NorthupÃ¢â¬â¢s Twelve Years a Slave Twelve Years a Slave was written by Solomon Northup. The book provides the reader a deeper understanding of the hardest periods in American history Ã¢â¬Å"slavery.Ã¢â¬ When reading Twelve Years a Slave, people can have a better understanding of how slaves were treated back in the 1800s. Northup discussed in details how slaves were mistreated and cruelly beaten by their masters. Masters were heartless; they would beat their slaves till they were close to take theirRead MoreSummary Of Twelve Years A Slave By Solomon Northup1227 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesby the name Solomon Northup. He wrote a memoir addressing his oppressors and coming clean with all the unjust actions that had taken place. In his book Twelve Years a Slave, the role of religion was very evident not only in his own life, but the lives of the people who played a role in his captivity in slavery. Religion is portrayed in several different perspectives throughout Twelve Years a Slave. Northup uses this important common g round to cultivate the true relationship between slave and ownerRead MoreAnalysis Of Solomon Northup s Twelve Years A Slave 1840 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIntroduction Retold by Solomon Northup (and edited by David Wilson), Twelve Years A Slave is a memoir and slave narrative that captured the author s incredible story- he was a free black man from New York who was kidnapped and sold to the Southern of the United States as a subject to slavery from 1841 to 1853 before being rescued by the efforts of his family and friends. Using detailed imagery to recounted Northup s arduous experience as a slave, the book eloquently exposed important controversiesRead MoreDehumanization in Twelve Years a Slave: Narrative of Solomon Northup1295 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Solomon Northup was born free, in Minerva, New York in 1808. Northup became known in his community as an exceptional fiddle player. When two men approached Northup and offered him good wages to go to Washington DC, to play in a travelling music show, he quickly accepted. Solomon Northup was drugged, kidnapped, captured, and sold into slavery. He served for many masters; some were violent and cruel while others treated him humanely. Solomon Northup experienced shear torture, cruelty, and the loss
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Jfk Rhetorical Analysis Essay Rhetorical Analysis of John F. Kennedys Inaugural Address President John F. Kennedy delivered a speech that fueled the hearts of Americans during times of hardship and uncertainty. Kennedys usage of rhetorical devices gives his speech the empowering and resolute tone necessary to evoke the emotions of his audience and sway their motives to agree with his own. Kennedys usage of asyndetons in his speech facilitate a more intense atmosphere, allowing his words to hammer even harder at the ears of his audience. Speaking of his generation of American citizens, Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬ ¦ born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ This list provides a connection between Kennedy and the American people that is greatly intensified by Kennedys usage of asyndeton. Another notable appearance of asyndeton in Kennedys speech is, Ã¢â¬Å"Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and the success of liberty. Kennedys usage of asyndeton here adds more energy to the speech by abruptly moving from one item to the next. This also places a greater emphasis on the items mentioned, as they are separate from every other item due to the lack of conjunctions. Asyndetons played an essential role in Kennedys speech by allowing him to add greater emphasis on the elements in his lists, and by giving his speech a faster, more powerful tone. With the greater emphasis on elements and the faster, more powerful tone, Kennedy was able to evoke the emotions of his audience and persuade them to follow his cause. Kennedys usage of anaphora in his speech provided a means of separating his points so as to place greater emphasis on each individual point, while still tying all of the points together due to the similar starting lines. In paragraphs six through ten, Kennedy repeatedly starts his paragraphs with, Ã¢â¬Å"To those Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ By separating his points into multiple paragraphs he was able to place a greater emphasis on his topics than he would had he combined them into one paragraph. However, by using anaphora and beginning each paragraph with the same line, he was able to unite all of his paragraphs as being similar. Kennedy also uses anaphora in paragraphs fourteen through seventeen by beginning with, Ã¢â¬Å"Let both sides Ã¢â¬ This allowed Kennedy to add greater emphasis to his points by giving them some separation, but still retain that his points are all concerning the same nations. The separation of key points in his speech gave Kennedys words a greater emphasis, ultimately allowing him to convince his audience to join in his views and goals. In conclusion, John F. Kennedy made use of several types or rhetorical devices in his speech that allowed him to persuade his listeners to agree with his views. Of these rhetorical devices, his use of asyndeton and anaphora play the largest role in persuading his audience, and their usage allowed Kennedy to place a greater emphasis on his words and appeal to the emotions of his audience.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Who Created Evil? Where did evil come from? Ever since the beginning of time our reality has been based on the conflict between good and evil. From the story of Adam and Eve to modern day and everything done by the human race has been a battle between these two. Many theologians and scholars have tried to argue the creation of evil. They question if God created it or if man and his perversion of the good created it. Still many have reached the conclusion that evil is man's perversion of God's great gift of free will. However, I do not agree. I believe that evil is inherent in man. I believe that God, whether directly or indirectly, created evil. St. Augustine was one of the great theologians in church history. He had the idea that man was inherently and totally good until the fall. After the fall, man was both good and evil. A dualistic thought, but nonetheless a very Christian statement because we now had the ability to sin. From that point on, man was not prone to evil, but was born with evil in him. This is what drives us to sin in the first place. How could we perverse a good without having that perverseness, evil, in us already? Augustine himself identifies with this in his famous story of the theft of the pears. When he stole those pears he didn't have ?any desire to enjoy the things [he] stole, but only the stealing of them and the sin.? What he's saying is that there was no reason for him to steal the pears, no need or desire. It was simply the fact that it was evil and sinful that drove him to commit his pointless theft. He realized that there was a side of him that was naturally drawn to the enjoyment of evil. He r ealized that he had evil in him. And that part of him is what delighted in sin. Augustine admitted that it could not have been a perversion of a good because if that were so, and he was naturally all good, then he would have felt remorse. He would not have felt such pleasure in the act. It was the evil that part of him craved. How could anyone enjoy such sin if it wasn't already in him or her? The reason is that he had evil in him, we all do. If we didn't, then we wouldn't sin. Some would say that we are good and the gift of free choice allows us to sin. But if that were true, then we still wouldn't sin. How would we be able to perverse good if the ability to do it isn't in us? The ability and desire too perverse is evil. So if we do possess that ability and desire then we must possess evil. This paradox goes back a long time before Augustine. It goes back a long time before man. The angels themselves were created as beings of worship for the Lord. After an extensive search of the bible, I have failed to locate any passage that explains the creation of the angels. Nowhere in the bible does it state whether or not angels have free will. Assume that they do have free will, Lucifer and his angels' chose freely when they decided to go against the Lord. This choice of Lucifer's is not documented at any point in the bible. When the war in Heaven broke out it was divided into two sides, God's and Lucifer's. Michael, God's general, won the battle. Lucifer and his minions were cast down from the heavens. From this time on Lucifer would be known as the very epitome of evil. Since then it has seemed that all evil has originated from Lucifer, Satan. The part of the story that seems to be a bit odd is that God, as we understand him, is all knowing. Augustine described God as having ? supreme knowledge of all things.? So if the Lord were all knowing, then he would know that Satan and his angels would rebel. He would know that Satan would be evil and bring evil in to the world. In this sense God created